Controlling sericea lespedeza
Sericea lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata) has been a statewide noxious weed in Kansas since July 1, 2000. Despite control efforts, this introduced, invasive species continues to persist on rangeland, pasture and Conservation Reserve Program acres in the state. Sericea lespedeza has a tremendous seed bank that helps reestablish stands following control efforts. Sericea lespedeza infests nearly 450,000 acres in Kansas.
There are no known biological controls that can be effectively used on sericea lespedeza. However, grazing with sheep and goats can suppress sericea lespedeza stands and produce a saleable product. Frequent mowing will reduce sericea lespedeza, but is also damaging to plants that might be growing/competing with sericea. A single mowing in mid- to Late-July will eventually reduce stands of sericea lespedeza to some extent, but has not eliminated sericea, even after several years of mowing. A late-summer mowing will eliminate most seed production. Application of appropriate herbicides about 4 to 6 weeks after mowing will help reduce sericea lespedeza stands. Prescribed burning in April seems to stimulate seed germination. Burning in late August and early September greatly reduces seed production.
Herbicides applied at the correct time and under favorable environmental conditions can significantly reduce sericea lespedeza, but retreatment has proven to be required. Early summer is a good time to consider spraying sericea lespedeza. Plants are in a vegetative growth stage and previous research has indicated good to excellent control at this time.
Remedy Ultra (triclopyr) and PastureGard HL (triclopyr + fluroxypyr) can provide effective control when applied during June and into early July when the sericea plants are in a vegetative growth stage. Broadcast applications of Remedy Ultra at 1 to 1.5 pints/acre and PastureGard HL at 0.75 to 1.5 pints/acre should be applied in spray volumes of 10 to 20 gallons/acre.
Products containing metsulfuron, such as Escort XP, Cimarron Plus, Chaparral, as well as generics are generally more effective in the late summer when sericea lespedeza is actively blooming. Recommended rates are 0.5 ounce per acre of Escort XP, 0.625 ounce per acre Cimarron Plus, and 2.5 to 3 ounce per acre Chaparral. Use a non-ionic surfactant with all of these products. These products containing metsulfuron may stunt tall fescue.
Labeled rates for spot applications: Remedy Ultra-1%solution in water, PastureGard HL a 1% solution in water, Escort XP one gram per gallon of water. Refer to the label for the amount of non-ionic surfactant to use.
Aerial applications of these products should be done with a minimum spray volume of 3 gallons per acre. Higher volumes, e.g. 5 gallons per acre, will generally be more effective.
Herbicide treatments will need to be repeated every 2 to 4 years to keep this invasive species in check. Initial treatments should reduce dense stands to the point where spot treatment can be used in future years. Left untreated, sericea lespedeza will dominate a site, greatly reducing forage production and species diversity.
If you are unfamiliar with sericea lespedeza, learn how to identify the species and get started with a control program. Be persistent with control efforts to keep this invasive species at manageable populations.
An excellent collection of more information about serciea lespedeza is on this web page http://www.agronomy.k-state.edu/extension/range-and-forage/sericea-lespedeza/ maintained by K State Research and Extension Range Specialist Walt Fick.