Earth anchors keep farm structures grounded

Securing buildings to the ground enhances structural stability, especially in areas prone to high wind speed, seismic activity or soil erosion.

To provide protection and flexibility for seasonal needs, the agricultural sector relies on storage buildings for equipment, livestock shelters, and temporary crop storage.

Farmers often use storage buildings such as sheds or warehouses to store and organize farming equipment, tools, machinery, and supplies. 

There are many reasons why these farm structures need to be secured to the ground and stabilized, including:

  • Protecting farm workers, equipment, livestock, and crops from accidents due to unstable structures
  • Preventing liability, tipping, shifting, or structural collapse during strong winds or storms
  • Securing buildings to the ground to enhance structural stability, especially in areas prone to seismic activity or soil erosion
  • Meeting building code, public safety, or insurance requirements.

The technology or methodology utilized to secure a structure can take many forms. It can be as basic as using concrete blocks or ballasts placed on the corners or along the perimeter of a building to provide weight and stability. More sophisticated solutions may use foundation systems that include footings, piers, or concrete slabs to provide a stable base for the building.

Pictured above is the American Earth Anchors horse barn that touts securing buildings to the ground enhances structural stability, especially in areas prone to high wind speed, seismic activity or soil erosion.

An increasingly popular and economic solution to this issue is earth anchors. These heavy-duty aluminum anchors are driven or screwed into the ground and attached to structures using cables, straps, or brackets. The anchors can be easily installed into sand, soil, hardpan, asphalt, and even underwater. 

Securing metal buildings

Koehn Building Systems, a member of the Metal Building Contractors & Erectors Association, works with building owners, facility managers, and qualified architects to design and erect pre-engineered metal buildings throughout Missouri and surrounding states. Their agriculture building services include the full spectrum of both new construction projects, farm and shop capacity expansion projects, as well as minor and major renovations.

The company has worked on a wide range of building types such as sheds, feed mills, equipment storage, hay storage, grain storage, cold storage, storage with distribution access, farm shops, and shops with living quarters. 

According to Jerel Koehn, co-founder of Koehn Building Systems, the company recently began using earth anchors, specifically Penetrators from Rhode Island-based American Earth Anchors, as temporary bracing guide anchors for pre-engineered metal buildings during construction.

arth Anchors PE18 anchor and bracket to secure frame the specific conditions of use will help to ensure that the structures remain securely and safely grounded. (Courtesy photo.)

AEA’s Penetrators are screw anchors made of heat-treated 356 aluminum that can be installed with a portable impact wrench, machine PTO drive fitted with a suitable tool, or the company’s manual ratcheting T-Handle. The screw anchors are available in lengths from 9 inches to 46 inches and can provide 2,500 to 14,000 pounds of holding power in asphalt or hard pan soil.

Pre-engineered needs

According to Koehn, pre-engineered metal buildings can be utilized as warehouses, distribution centers, industrial facilities, auto dealerships, airplane hangars, offices, gyms, churches, and living quarters.

The benefits of pre-engineered metal buildings include the speed of acquisition (being mostly off-the-shelf standard parts) and the rapidity of erection.  These attributes save construction time (and cost) and speed occupancy. Due to the inherent strength of metal buildings and their built-in support structure, their clear span can far exceed wood framed buildings. In addition, pre-engineered metal buildings tend to have longer life spans than traditional wooden structures since they do not age as quickly from damaging elements such as weather and termite damage. 

Koehn Building Systems serves as both designer and erector of these structures. Customizable in almost any size or configuration, the pre-engineered metal buildings arrive with all the component parts, including permanent bracing that is used in the walls and roof for support, and to plumb the structures. 

Koehn was concerned about strong winds that might possibly rise to 35 miles per hour or higher during a storm, given that the structure’s permanent bracing is not designed to withstand high wind conditions when unsheeted. Koehn Building Systems holds an AC478 accreditation, administered by the International Accreditation Service, that includes standards and guidelines for maintaining safe work practices. 

New way

With these concerns at top of mind, Koehn began searching for a solution to secure the structure temporarily, prior to sheeting. Koehn initially learned about Earth Anchors in a publication of the Metal Buildings Institute that addressed temporary bracing of metal buildings. He also attended an industry conference where earth anchors, and specifically the Penetrator screw anchors, were discussed.

Although earth anchors are not mandated by building codes or regulations for pre-engineered metal buildings, after his personal research Koehn was convinced that AEA’s anchors offered a superior solution. The company now utilizes 46-inch Penetrators as temporary bracing for metal buildings. The number of anchors required varies, and each is installed strategically to support end walls with vertical columns using guy-wires. 

“The earth anchors definitely give me peace of mind. When I install the 46-inch long Penetrators, we can drive them into the ground and attach them with a cable. I can walk away from the project and feel totally safe and secure that we have done everything we can to prepare for any type of weather,” Koehn said. 

Koehn considers the affordable earth anchors a “cheap insurance” against strong wind.

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Every structural grounding need

Although Koehn Building Systems uses the Penetrators, there are other types of earth anchors. Selecting an optimal anchor for a temporary structure requires matching the anchor to the nature of the project and configuration of the structure, the type and characteristics of the ground, and the anticipated loads (principally wind in most cases).

Key considerations include the class of soil and the project’s load capacity requirements (e.g. Factor Safety to be applied to the maximum anticipated load). Calculating the required load capacity involves many factors. 

“When considering load capacity, you need to consider the soil’s real-time moisture content and compaction. In addition, you need to review the earth anchor’s root penetration, installation method, pullout load angle, and any other factors that may be unique to the installation’s particular time and place,” said Cy Henry, president of AEA. 

According to Henry, besides screw anchors, other earth anchor options include bullet anchors and arrowhead anchors, which are installed using a drive rod. 

Penetrator earth anchors manufactured by American Earth Anchors can be easily installed into sand, soil, hardpan, asphalt, and even underwater. (Courtesy photo.)

Bullet anchors, named for their bullet shape, are ideal for holding in tough soil such as hard clay, gravel, or soil intermixed with roots. An anchor is connected to a galvanized steel aircraft cable (typically available in 36, 60 and 120” lengths, but customizable) that attaches to the structure.

Similarly, arrowhead anchors offer superior holding in hard, compact, and rocky soil. Once in the earth, the anchor twists like a toggle bolt and will not release from the ground without cutting the cable or digging it out. The arrowheads come in 4, 6, 8, and 10-inch sizes with 48, 60, 72, and 120-inch galvanized steel aircraft cable as standard. Custom cable lengths and stainless cable are available for special order.

“Arrowhead anchors are a great solution for softer and sandier soils. These anchors have more surface area in the ground when they flip around,” Henry said. 

Grounded in safety

No matter the type of agricultural environment, the need to ensure that the structure is completely secured to the ground is paramount to the safety and integrity of all the farm workers, livestock, equipment, and crops that it protects.

“Building codes and regulations often mandate anchoring for temporary and modular structures. If you fail to secure a structure properly, it can result in code violations, occupant safety risks, and valuable equipment and inventory losses, as well as property owner-operator legal liabilities,” Henry said.

Whether the need for a farm structure in a particular location may be temporary or permanent, there can be no compromising on how well it is secured to the ground. Earth anchors matched to the specific conditions of use will help to ensure that the structures remain securely and safely grounded. 

For more information, call 866-520-8511; visit or write to American Earth Anchors at 313 Pond Street, Woonsocket, RI 02895.