U.S. hog inventory up 1%

A small piglet in the farm. Swine in a stall. Shallow depth of field portrait of young pig in the farm.

As of June 1, there were 74.5 million hogs and pigs on United States farms, up 1% from June 2023 and up slightly from March 1, 2024, according to the Quarterly Hogs and Pigs report published June 27 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Other key findings in the report were:

  • Of the 74.5 million hogs and pigs, 68.5 million were market hogs, while 6.01 million were kept for breeding.
  • Between March and May 2024, 34 million pigs were weaned on U.S. farms, up 2% from the same time one year earlier.
  • From March through May 2024, U.S. hog and pig producers weaned an average of 11.56 pigs per litter.
  • U.S. hog producers intend to have 2.96 million sows farrow between June and August 2024, and 2.94 million sows farrow between September and November 2024.
  • Iowa hog producers accounted for the largest inventory among the states, at 24.6 million head. Minnesota had the second largest inventory at 9.2 million head. North Carolina was third with 7.6 million head.

To obtain an accurate measurement of the U.S. swine industry, NASS surveyed 4,524 operators across the nation during the first half of June. The data collected was received online through NASS’s Respondent Portal, by mail, telephone and through face-to-face interviews.